FAAによるRemote IDに関する規則案に対するDJIの意見

FAAが2019年12月31日に公表したRemote IDに関する規則案(Notice of Proposed Rulemaking of Remote Identification of Unmanned Aircraft Systems)についてのパブコメは2020年3月2日に締め切られ、53,200ものコメントがなされています。米国のドローン法規制に関する議論の層の厚さを感じます。

DJIは、詳細な意見書を提出しつつ、自社のプレスリリースにおいて、「DJI Urges FAA To Reconsider Flawed Remote ID Rule ~Independent Economic Analysis Finds Costs Nine Times As High As FAA Estimate」というタイトルで、FAAの規則案に対する意見を表明しています。

具体的には、FAAの規則案では、ほぼ全てのドローンに無線通信とインターネットの両方によるRemote ID対応を求めているが、煩雑でコストが高くつき、実現が困難であるため、いずれかの選択を認める形にするべきと主張しています。


Remote ID allows authorities to identify and monitor airborne drones in near-real time, so they can see the location of the drone as well as a serial number to identify its owner. Congress tasked the FAA in 2016 with exploring consensus-based technology standards that could lead to Remote ID regulatory solutions. Late last year, the FAA proposed that almost all drones should broadcast that information directly to nearby receivers, as well as transmit it over wireless networks to a service provider’s database, with an anticipated monthly subscription fee for that service.  DJI and many other drone stakeholders have instead said the FAA should let drone operators choose whether to use broadcast or network solutions for Remote ID. Any new Remote ID rule is unlikely to take effect before 2024.

DJI’s comment also expands on many other points DJI has made previously about the risks of the FAA’s proposal, which would hurt people who have safely and successfully used drones across the country for years, hamper the adoption of a technology that is bringing enormous value to America, and create costs and complications that far outweigh the benefits of the FAA’s broadcast-and-network approach. Most importantly, a burdensome proposal undermines the government’s own goals for Remote ID.

“A Remote ID requirement that is costly, burdensome, complex, or subject to multiple points of failure, will be a requirement that fails,” DJI wrote in its submission. “We offer these comments, many of which are highly critical of aspects of the FAA’s proposal, in the sincere interest of promoting a good final rule for the FAA, the U.S. Government, and the UAS industry.”

前にも言及したとおり、2020年2月末に国会に提出された日本の航空法改正法案でもRemote IDが課される予定のようですが省令で規定されるようで、現段階では内容が未定であり、上記の議論の行方は、日本の規制内容にも影響を与える(おそらく足並みを合わせた規定内容になる)ように思われます。



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